There has been horse racing of sorts for lots of many years. Horse racing began in Assyria in c. 1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular occasion in Roman Times. It was in reality the Romans who are thought to have ran the very first horse race in the UK, however the first real taped occasion of a conference remained in 1174, this occurred at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.
The Royal Household are behind many of the historical advancements that formed and changed racing throughout the years, with Henry II importing horses specifically for breeding and Charles II being the first to present a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It remained in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Guidelines of Racing.
The Derby is the oldest flat race having started in 1780 at the Earl of Derby's estate in Epsom, it was worked on a sweepstakes basis and is still naturally being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, nevertheless the first recorded nationwide hunt (as we understand it now) race was in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest between two church steeples which is the reason the term 'steeplechase' was coined.
Purpose and kinds of horse racing
The function of a H.race is to figure out the fastest of two or more horses over a particular range with the very first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.
Horse Racing Classifications - Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are 3 variations of race categories. The first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a range in between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on grass. The flat season starts in March and goes through to November with differing quality of races with Group 1 contests being the greatest. The youngest horses contending on the flat are 2 years old.
Horse Racing Categories - All Weather
All Weather Racing is the second race classification and resembles flat racing other than contests occur on a synthetic surface, which can be utilized throughout the year (hence the name All Weather condition). Much of the All Weather condition H.racing tracks likewise have floodlit tracks indicating they can offer night racing.
Horse Racing Categories - National Hunt
The third category is National Hunt where horses compete on turf over longer ranges varying from 1 mile 6 furlongs (extremely minimal number of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are even more classification types, these are Bumpers (likewise called National Hunt Flat races) where there are no obstacles and are aimed at providing horses the experience of contending on a race course, Chases after where the competitors should clear fences and Difficulties where they should leap hurdles. This means for instance that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden difficulty etc. The difference between a fence and a hurdle is quite considerable with a fence being tougher and greater. A hurdle race will only include difficulties whereas a chase can include a range of challenges including water jumps and ditches along with fences.
Horse Racing Classification
Within each classification of racing there are different kinds of contests depending more info on a horse's experience and capability. Normally races are categorised by an age (for example 4 year olds+) and/or an official score bracket (a rating provided to each horse by the handicapper based upon its efficiency to date). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted based on its previous ability - in a perfect world, a handicap ought to result in all horses crossing the finish line at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather condition for 2 years of age horses. Non handicaps are when all horses carry the exact same weight (although this figure can be changed based upon charges used as set out in the race terms - for instance the rules might state that horses will carry 9 stone however that an extra weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have won in the last 6 weeks).